In what way does soil preparation aid for better growth of plants
Angela Thomas from NY City Pest Control is our guest blogger this week and gives some excellent tips on improving soil and preventing and treating garden pests.
You should never take soil for granted. Many of us think that just by digging up a hole in the ground and placing a plant or a seed, it will start growing automatically. This will only work out if your soil is in good condition. But, many of us have to alter the properties of dirt in the soil to create a good growing condition for the plants.
The first and the foremost thing is you have to find out what your soil is lacking and not lacking. The secret of a super productive garden is to take your time and come up with an effective strategy that will work out for your garden.
How To Prepare Soil For Planting
Most soils need to be improved to make plants grow well and to make them resistant to pests, bed bugs and disease. There are exterminators like NYCpestcontrol in New York City that will help you to get rid of pests and bugs using natural ways too.
If you want your plants to be healthy, soil preparation matters. There are six types of soils chalky, clay, loamy, peaty, sandy and silty. To test your soil, take a little amount in your hands, add water to it and roll it in between your hands to observe how the soil looks. It is important to know the soil type because it will affect when and how you plant and water your garden.
You must test your soil for pH, phosphorus, lime, potassium, soluble salts, soil texture, and more. It will be hard to reveal all this through a general test so you can either get a soil test kit from a garden store or contact the cooperative extension services for a soil test.
For harvesting more out of your garden, you have to improve the texture and structure of your soil. It can be from making the soil drain better or hold more water, which can be easily achieved by adding more organic matter to it.
Organic matter is nothing but materials that were once living but now are dead and decaying. Every plant needs a healthy amount of organic material to grow in. Most importantly theses organic materials provide nutrients that help plants to grow and it also softens the soil so that roots can spread more quickly into the ground. Organic materials don’t last forever, so you have to add them every year. By adding more organic materials, you can cure heavy clay soils and fast draining sand. Also, add micro-organisms and minerals to build up weak soils.
Next you must concentrate on achieving the proper PH for your soil as it will determine whether your soil is acid or alkaline. Very high or low PH may result in plant nutrient deficiency. A PH of 7.0 is considered as neutral. If the PH is below 7 it is considered as acid and above 7 it is alkaline. Lime is added to increase the soil PH and acidifying materials like sulphur to decrease the soil PH. It is important to know the PH as it is vital for the health of your plants, and they influence the availability of essential nutrients’ to the soil.
Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium known as NPK are the three basic nutrients’ that all plants need. While the organic material does provide all these nutrients, you may have to adjust them depending upon the type of your soil. It can be either done organically or by using chemical fertilizers.
Understanding the soil type and preparing it for planation will help you to achieve the perfect garden. Learn how to make the most out of the soil in your area by reading and researching more about it.